Location and Size of earth

  1. Earth is the third planet from the Sun in our solar system.
  2. It is located between Venus and Mars.
  3. The Earth’s equatorial diameter is approximately 12,742 kilometers (7,918 miles).

Basic structure of earth

  1. earth is divided into three main layers the crust , mantle and core.
  2. The outermost layer, the crust, is solid and divided into tectonic plates.
  3. The mantle is semi-solid, and the core consists of a solid inner part and a liquid outer part.


  1. Earth’s atmosphere is composed mainly of nitrogen (about 78%) and oxygen (about 21%).
  2. The atmosphere protects life on Earth by blocking harmful solar radiation and regulating temperatures.

Climate of earth

  1. Earth has a diverse range of climates, from polar regions to tropical zones.
  2. Factors influencing climate include latitude, altitude, and proximity to bodies of water.


  1. Approximately 71% of Earth’s surface is covered by water, primarily in the form of oceans.
  2. The Pacific Ocean is the largest, followed by the Atlantic, Indian, Southern, and Arctic Oceans.


  1. Earth is home to a vast variety of living organisms, forming the biosphere.
  2. The biosphere includes ecosystems ranging from forests and deserts to oceans and grasslands.


  1. Earth is the only known planet to support life.
  2. The diversity of life includes plants, animals, fungi, bacteria, and other microorganisms.

Rotation and Orbit

  1. Earth rotates on its axis, completing one full rotation approximately every 24 hours.
  2. It orbits the Sun in an elliptical shape, taking about 365.25 days to complete one orbit.


  1. Earth has one natural satellite, the Moon.
  2. The Moon is about 1/6th the size of Earth and influences tides through gravitational forces.

Human Impact

  1. Human activities, such as deforestation and industrialization, have significant impacts on the environment.
  2. Issues like climate change, pollution, and loss of biodiversity are global concerns.

By fathom

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